summaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
path: root/src/OFString.m
blob: 4ee8d5cc00af4c0f60a98bd8ea2b7033ee71ab63 (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804
805
806
807
808
809
810
811
812
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
839
840
841
842
843
844
845
846
847
848
849
850
851
852
853
854
855
856
857
858
859
860
861
862
863
864
865
866
867
868
869
870
871
872
873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880
881
882
883
884
885
886
887
888
889
890
891
892
893
894
895
896
897
898
899
900
901
902
903
904
905
906
907
908
909
910
911
912
913
914
915
916
917
918
919
920
921
922
923
924
925
926
927
928
929
930
931
932
933
934
935
936
937
938
939
940
941
942
943
944
945
946
947
948
949
950
951
952
953
954
955
956
957
958
959
960
961
962
963
964
965
966
967
968
969
970
971
972
973
974
975
976
977
978
979
980
981
982
983
984
985
986
987
988
989
990
991
992
993
994
995
996
997
998
999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
1043
1044
1045
1046
1047
1048
1049
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
1138
1139
1140
1141
1142
1143
1144
1145
1146
1147
1148
1149
1150
1151
1152
1153
1154
1155
1156
1157
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164
1165
1166
1167
1168
1169
1170
1171
1172
1173
1174
1175
1176
1177
1178
1179
1180
1181
1182
1183
1184
1185
1186
1187
1188
1189
1190
1191
1192
1193
1194
1195
1196
1197
1198
1199
1200
1201
1202
1203
1204
1205
1206
1207
1208
1209
1210
1211
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216
1217
1218
1219
1220
1221
1222
1223
1224
1225
1226
1227
1228
1229
1230
1231
1232
1233
1234
1235
1236
1237
1238
1239
1240
1241
1242
1243
1244
1245
1246
1247
1248
1249
1250
1251
1252
1253
1254
1255
1256
1257
1258
1259
1260
1261
1262
1263
1264
1265
1266
1267
1268
1269
1270
1271
1272
1273
1274
1275
1276
1277
1278
1279
1280
1281
1282
1283
1284
1285
1286
1287
1288
1289
1290
1291
1292
1293
1294
1295
1296
1297
1298
1299
1300
1301
1302
1303
1304
1305
1306
1307
1308
1309
1310
1311
1312
1313
1314
1315
1316
1317
1318
1319
1320
1321
1322
1323
1324
1325
1326
1327
1328
1329
1330
1331
1332
1333
1334
1335
1336
1337
1338
1339
1340
1341
1342
1343
1344
1345
1346
1347
1348
1349
1350
1351
1352
1353
1354
1355
1356
1357
1358
1359
1360
1361
1362
1363
1364
1365
1366
1367
1368
1369
1370
1371
1372
1373
1374
1375
1376
1377
1378
1379
1380
1381
1382
1383
1384
1385
1386
1387
1388
1389
1390
1391
1392
1393
1394
1395
1396
1397
1398
1399
1400
1401
1402
1403
1404
1405
1406
1407
1408
1409
1410
1411
1412
1413
1414
1415
1416
1417
1418
1419
1420
1421
1422
1423
1424
1425
1426
1427
1428
1429
1430
1431
1432
1433
1434
1435
1436
1437
1438
1439
1440
1441
1442
1443
1444
1445
1446
1447
1448
1449
1450
1451
1452
1453
1454
1455
1456
1457
1458
1459
1460
1461
1462
1463
1464
1465
1466
1467
1468
1469
1470
1471
1472
1473
1474
1475
1476
1477
1478
1479
1480
1481
1482
1483
1484
1485
1486
1487
1488
1489
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
1495
1496
1497
1498
1499
1500
1501
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
1509
1510
1511
1512
1513
1514
1515
1516
1517
1518
1519
1520
1521
1522
1523
1524
1525
1526
1527
1528
1529
1530
1531
1532
1533
1534
1535
1536
1537
1538
1539
1540
1541
1542
1543
1544
1545
1546
1547
1548
1549
1550
1551
1552
1553
1554
1555
1556
1557
1558
1559
1560
1561
1562
1563
1564
1565
1566
1567
1568
1569
1570
1571
1572
1573
1574
1575
1576
1577
1578
1579
1580
1581
1582
1583
1584
1585
1586
1587
1588
1589
1590
1591
1592
1593
1594
1595
1596
1597
1598
1599
1600
1601
1602
1603
1604
1605
1606
1607
1608
1609
1610
1611
1612
1613
1614
1615
1616
1617
1618
1619
1620
1621
1622
1623
1624
1625
1626
1627
1628
1629
1630
1631
1632
1633
1634
1635
1636
1637
1638
1639
1640
1641
1642
1643
1644
1645
1646
1647
1648
1649
1650
1651
1652
1653
1654
1655
1656
1657
1658
1659
1660
1661
1662
1663
1664
1665
1666
1667
1668
1669
1670
1671
1672
1673
1674
1675
1676
1677
1678
1679
1680
1681
1682
1683
1684
1685
1686
1687
1688
1689
1690
1691
1692
1693
1694
1695
1696
1697
1698
1699
1700
1701
1702
1703
1704
1705
1706
1707
1708
1709
1710
1711
1712
1713
1714
1715
1716
1717
1718
1719
1720
1721
1722
1723
1724
1725
1726
1727
1728
1729
1730
1731
1732
1733
1734
1735
1736
1737
1738
1739
1740
1741
1742
1743
1744
1745
1746
1747
1748
1749
1750
1751
1752
1753
1754
1755
1756
1757
1758
1759
1760
1761
1762
1763
1764
1765
1766
1767
1768
1769
1770
1771
1772
1773
1774
1775
1776
1777
1778
1779
1780
1781
1782
1783
1784
1785
1786
1787
1788
1789
1790
1791
1792
1793
1794
1795
1796
1797
1798
1799
1800
1801
1802
1803
1804
1805
1806
1807
1808
1809
1810
1811
1812
1813
1814
1815
1816
1817
1818
1819
1820
1821
1822
1823
1824
1825
1826
1827
1828
1829
1830
1831
1832
1833
1834
1835
1836
1837
1838
1839
1840
1841
1842
1843
1844
1845
1846
1847
1848
1849
1850
1851
1852
1853
1854
1855
1856
1857
1858
1859
1860
1861
1862
1863
1864
1865
1866
1867
1868
1869
1870
1871
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
1882
1883
1884
1885
1886
1887
1888
1889
1890
1891
1892
1893
1894
1895
1896
1897
1898
1899
1900
1901
1902
1903
1904
1905
1906
1907
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
2025
2026
2027
2028
2029
2030
2031
2032
2033
2034
2035
2036
2037
2038
2039
2040
2041
2042
2043
2044
2045
2046
2047
2048
2049
2050
2051
2052
2053
2054
2055
2056
2057
2058
2059
2060
2061
2062
2063
2064
2065
2066
2067
2068
2069
2070
2071
2072
2073
2074
2075
2076
2077
2078
2079
2080
2081
2082
2083
2084
2085
2086
2087
2088
2089
2090
2091
2092
2093
2094
2095
2096
2097
2098
2099
2100
2101
2102
2103
2104
2105
2106
2107
2108
2109
2110
2111
2112
2113
2114
2115
2116
2117
2118
2119
2120
2121
2122
2123
2124
2125
2126
2127
2128
2129
2130
2131
2132
2133
2134
2135
2136
2137
2138
2139
2140
2141
2142
2143
2144
2145
2146
2147
2148
2149
2150
2151
2152
2153
2154
2155
2156
2157
2158
2159
2160
2161
2162
2163
2164
2165
2166
2167
2168
2169
2170
2171
2172
2173
2174
2175
2176
2177
2178
2179
2180
2181
2182
2183
2184
2185
2186
2187
2188
2189
2190
2191
2192
2193
2194
2195
2196
2197
2198
2199
2200
2201
2202
2203
2204
2205
2206
2207
2208
2209
2210
2211
2212
2213
2214
2215
2216
2217
2218
2219
2220
2221
2222
2223
2224
2225
2226
2227
2228
2229
2230
2231
2232
2233
2234
2235
2236
2237
2238
2239
2240
2241
2242
2243
2244
2245
2246
2247
2248
2249
2250
2251
2252
2253
2254
2255
2256
2257
2258
2259
2260
2261
2262
2263
2264
2265
2266
2267
2268
2269
2270
2271
2272
2273
2274
2275
2276
2277
2278
2279
2280
2281
2282
2283
2284
2285
2286
2287
2288
2289
2290
2291
2292
2293
2294
2295
2296
2297
2298
2299
2300
2301
2302
2303
2304
2305
2306
2307
2308
2309
2310
2311
2312
2313
2314
2315
2316
2317
2318
2319
2320
2321
2322
2323
2324
2325
2326
2327
2328
2329
2330
2331
2332
2333
2334
2335
2336
2337
2338
2339
2340
2341
2342
2343
2344
2345
2346
2347
2348
2349
2350
2351
2352
2353
2354
2355
2356
2357
2358
2359
2360
2361
2362
2363
2364
2365
2366
2367
2368
2369
2370
2371
2372
2373
2374
2375
2376
2377
2378
2379
2380
2381
2382
2383
2384
2385
2386
2387
2388
2389
2390
2391
2392
2393
2394
2395
2396
2397
2398
2399
2400
2401
2402
2403
2404
2405
2406
2407
2408
2409
2410
2411
2412
2413
2414
2415
2416
2417
2418
2419
2420
2421
2422
2423
2424
2425
2426
2427
2428
2429
2430
2431
2432
2433
2434
2435
2436
2437
2438
2439
2440
2441
2442
2443
2444
2445
2446
2447
2448
2449
2450
2451
2452
2453
2454
2455
2456
2457
2458
2459
2460
2461
2462
2463
2464
2465
2466
2467
2468
2469
2470
2471
2472
2473
2474
2475
2476
2477
2478
2479
2480
2481
2482
2483
2484
2485
2486
2487
2488
2489
2490
2491
2492
2493
2494
2495
2496
2497
2498
2499
2500
2501
2502
2503
2504
2505
2506
2507
2508
2509
2510
2511
2512
2513
2514
2515
2516
2517
2518
2519
2520
2521
2522
2523
2524
2525
2526
2527
2528
2529
2530
2531
2532
2533
2534
2535
2536
2537
2538
2539
2540
2541
2542
2543
2544
2545
2546
2547
2548
2549
2550
2551
2552
2553
2554
2555
2556
2557
2558
2559
2560
2561
2562
2563
2564
2565
2566
2567
2568
2569
2570
2571
2572
2573
2574
2575
2576
2577
2578
2579
2580
2581
2582
2583
2584
2585
2586
2587
2588
2589
2590
2591
2592
2593
2594
2595
2596
2597
2598
2599
2600
2601
2602
2603
2604
2605
2606
2607
2608
2609
2610
2611
2612
2613
2614
2615
2616
2617
2618
2619
2620
2621
2622
2623
2624
2625
2626
2627
2628
2629
2630
2631
2632
2633
2634
2635
2636
2637
2638
2639
2640
2641
2642
2643
2644
2645
2646
2647
2648
2649
2650
2651
2652
2653
2654
2655
2656
2657
2658
2659
2660
2661
2662
2663
2664
2665
2666
2667
2668
2669
2670
2671
2672
2673
2674
2675
2676
2677
2678
2679
2680
2681
2682
2683
2684
2685
2686
2687
2688
2689
2690
2691
2692
2693
2694
2695
2696
2697
2698
2699
2700
2701
2702
2703
2704
2705
2706
2707
2708
2709
2710
2711
2712
2713
2714
2715
2716
2717
2718
2719
2720
2721
2722
2723
2724
2725
2726
2727
2728
2729
2730
2731
2732
2733
2734
2735
2736
2737
2738
2739
2740
2741
2742
2743
2744
2745
2746
2747
2748
2749
2750
2751
2752
2753
2754
2755
2756
2757
2758
2759
2760
2761
2762
2763
2764
2765
2766
2767
2768
2769
2770
2771
2772
2773
2774
2775
2776
2777
2778
2779
2780
2781
2782
2783
2784
2785
2786
2787
2788
2789
2790
2791
2792
2793
2794
2795
2796
2797
2798
2799
2800
2801
2802
2803
2804
2805
2806
2807
2808
2809
2810
2811
2812
2813
2814
2815
2816
2817
2818
2819
2820
2821
2822
2823
2824
/*
 * Copyright (c) 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017,
 *               2018
 *   Jonathan Schleifer <js@heap.zone>
 *
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * This file is part of ObjFW. It may be distributed under the terms of the
 * Q Public License 1.0, which can be found in the file LICENSE.QPL included in
 * the packaging of this file.
 *
 * Alternatively, it may be distributed under the terms of the GNU General
 * Public License, either version 2 or 3, which can be found in the file
 * LICENSE.GPLv2 or LICENSE.GPLv3 respectively included in the packaging of this
 * file.
 */

#include "config.h"

#include <errno.h>
#include <math.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>

#if defined(HAVE_STRTOF_L) || defined(HAVE_STRTOD_L)
# include <locale.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_XLOCALE_H
# include <xlocale.h>
#endif

#import "OFString.h"
#import "OFString_UTF8.h"
#import "OFString_UTF8+Private.h"
#import "OFArray.h"
#import "OFCharacterSet.h"
#import "OFData.h"
#import "OFDictionary.h"
#import "OFLocalization.h"
#ifdef OF_HAVE_FILES
# import "OFFile.h"
# import "OFFileManager.h"
#endif
#import "OFURL.h"
#import "OFURLHandler.h"
#import "OFXMLElement.h"

#import "OFInitializationFailedException.h"
#import "OFInvalidArgumentException.h"
#import "OFInvalidEncodingException.h"
#import "OFInvalidFormatException.h"
#import "OFNotImplementedException.h"
#import "OFOpenItemFailedException.h"
#import "OFOutOfMemoryException.h"
#import "OFOutOfRangeException.h"
#import "OFRetrieveItemAttributesFailedException.h"
#import "OFTruncatedDataException.h"
#import "OFUnsupportedProtocolException.h"

#import "of_asprintf.h"
#import "unicode.h"

/*
 * It seems strtod is buggy on Win32.
 * However, the MinGW version __strtod seems to be ok.
 */
#ifdef __MINGW32__
# define strtod __strtod
#endif

#ifdef OF_AMIGAOS3
/* libnix has strtod, but not strtof */
# define strtof strtod
#endif

static struct {
	Class isa;
} placeholder;

#if defined(HAVE_STRTOF_L) || defined(HAVE_STRTOD_L)
static locale_t cLocale;
#endif

@interface OFString ()
- (size_t)of_getCString: (char *)cString
	      maxLength: (size_t)maxLength
	       encoding: (of_string_encoding_t)encoding
		  lossy: (bool)lossy;
- (const char *)of_cStringWithEncoding: (of_string_encoding_t)encoding
				 lossy: (bool)lossy;
- (OFString *)of_JSONRepresentationWithOptions: (int)options
					 depth: (size_t)depth;
@end

@interface OFString_placeholder: OFString
@end

extern bool of_unicode_to_iso_8859_2(const of_unichar_t *, unsigned char *,
    size_t, bool);
extern bool of_unicode_to_iso_8859_3(const of_unichar_t *, unsigned char *,
    size_t, bool);
extern bool of_unicode_to_iso_8859_15(const of_unichar_t *, unsigned char *,
    size_t, bool);
extern bool of_unicode_to_windows_1251(const of_unichar_t *, unsigned char *,
    size_t, bool);
extern bool of_unicode_to_windows_1252(const of_unichar_t *, unsigned char *,
    size_t, bool);
extern bool of_unicode_to_codepage_437(const of_unichar_t *, unsigned char *,
    size_t, bool);
extern bool of_unicode_to_codepage_850(const of_unichar_t *, unsigned char *,
    size_t, bool);
extern bool of_unicode_to_codepage_858(const of_unichar_t *, unsigned char *,
    size_t, bool);
extern bool of_unicode_to_mac_roman(const of_unichar_t *, unsigned char *,
    size_t, bool);
extern bool of_unicode_to_koi8_r(const of_unichar_t *, unsigned char *,
    size_t, bool);
extern bool of_unicode_to_koi8_u(const of_unichar_t *, unsigned char *,
    size_t, bool);

/* References for static linking */
void
_references_to_categories_of_OFString(void)
{
	_OFString_CryptoHashing_reference = 1;
	_OFString_JSONValue_reference = 1;
#ifdef OF_HAVE_FILES
	_OFString_PathAdditions_reference = 1;
#endif
	_OFString_PropertyListValue_reference = 1;
	_OFString_Serialization_reference = 1;
	_OFString_URLEncoding_reference = 1;
	_OFString_XMLEscaping_reference = 1;
	_OFString_XMLUnescaping_reference = 1;
}

void
_reference_to_OFConstantString(void)
{
	[OFConstantString class];
}

of_string_encoding_t
of_string_parse_encoding(OFString *string)
{
	void *pool = objc_autoreleasePoolPush();
	of_string_encoding_t encoding;

	string = [string lowercaseString];

	if ([string isEqual: @"utf8"] || [string isEqual: @"utf-8"])
		encoding = OF_STRING_ENCODING_UTF_8;
	else if ([string isEqual: @"ascii"] || [string isEqual: @"us-ascii"])
		encoding = OF_STRING_ENCODING_ASCII;
	else if ([string isEqual: @"iso-8859-1"] ||
	    [string isEqual: @"iso_8859-1"])
		encoding = OF_STRING_ENCODING_ISO_8859_1;
	else if ([string isEqual: @"iso-8859-2"] ||
	    [string isEqual: @"iso_8859-2"])
		encoding = OF_STRING_ENCODING_ISO_8859_2;
	else if ([string isEqual: @"iso-8859-3"] ||
	    [string isEqual: @"iso_8859-3"])
		encoding = OF_STRING_ENCODING_ISO_8859_3;
	else if ([string isEqual: @"iso-8859-15"] ||
	    [string isEqual: @"iso_8859-15"])
		encoding = OF_STRING_ENCODING_ISO_8859_15;
	else if ([string isEqual: @"windows-1251"] ||
	    [string isEqual: @"cp1251"] || [string isEqual: @"cp-1251"] ||
	    [string isEqual: @"1251"])
		encoding = OF_STRING_ENCODING_WINDOWS_1251;
	else if ([string isEqual: @"windows-1252"] ||
	    [string isEqual: @"cp1252"] || [string isEqual: @"cp-1252"] ||
	    [string isEqual: @"1252"])
		encoding = OF_STRING_ENCODING_WINDOWS_1252;
	else if ([string isEqual: @"cp437"] || [string isEqual: @"cp-437"] ||
	    [string isEqual: @"ibm437"] || [string isEqual: @"437"])
		encoding = OF_STRING_ENCODING_CODEPAGE_437;
	else if ([string isEqual: @"cp850"] || [string isEqual: @"cp-850"] ||
	    [string isEqual: @"ibm850"] || [string isEqual: @"850"])
		encoding = OF_STRING_ENCODING_CODEPAGE_850;
	else if ([string isEqual: @"cp858"] || [string isEqual: @"cp-858"] ||
	    [string isEqual: @"ibm858"] || [string isEqual: @"858"])
		encoding = OF_STRING_ENCODING_CODEPAGE_858;
	else if ([string isEqual: @"macintosh"] || [string isEqual: @"mac"])
		encoding = OF_STRING_ENCODING_MAC_ROMAN;
	else if ([string isEqual: @"koi8-r"])
		encoding = OF_STRING_ENCODING_KOI8_R;
	else if ([string isEqual: @"koi8-u"])
		encoding = OF_STRING_ENCODING_KOI8_U;
	else
		@throw [OFInvalidEncodingException exception];

	objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);

	return encoding;
}

OFString *
of_string_name_of_encoding(of_string_encoding_t encoding)
{
	switch (encoding) {
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_UTF_8:
		return @"UTF-8";
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_ASCII:
		return @"ASCII";
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_ISO_8859_1:
		return @"ISO 8859-1";
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_ISO_8859_2:
		return @"ISO 8859-2";
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_ISO_8859_3:
		return @"ISO 8859-3";
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_ISO_8859_15:
		return @"ISO 8859-15";
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_WINDOWS_1251:
		return @"Windows-1251";
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_WINDOWS_1252:
		return @"Windows-1252";
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_CODEPAGE_437:
		return @"Codepage 437";
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_CODEPAGE_850:
		return @"Codepage 850";
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_CODEPAGE_858:
		return @"Codepage 858";
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_MAC_ROMAN:
		return @"Mac Roman";
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_KOI8_R:
		return @"KOI8-R";
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_KOI8_U:
		return @"KOI8-U";
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_AUTODETECT:
		return @"autodetect";
	}

	return nil;
}

size_t
of_string_utf8_encode(of_unichar_t character, char *buffer)
{
	if (character < 0x80) {
		buffer[0] = character;
		return 1;
	} else if (character < 0x800) {
		buffer[0] = 0xC0 | (character >> 6);
		buffer[1] = 0x80 | (character & 0x3F);
		return 2;
	} else if (character < 0x10000) {
		buffer[0] = 0xE0 | (character >> 12);
		buffer[1] = 0x80 | (character >> 6 & 0x3F);
		buffer[2] = 0x80 | (character & 0x3F);
		return 3;
	} else if (character < 0x110000) {
		buffer[0] = 0xF0 | (character >> 18);
		buffer[1] = 0x80 | (character >> 12 & 0x3F);
		buffer[2] = 0x80 | (character >> 6 & 0x3F);
		buffer[3] = 0x80 | (character & 0x3F);
		return 4;
	}

	return 0;
}

ssize_t
of_string_utf8_decode(const char *buffer_, size_t length, of_unichar_t *ret)
{
	const uint8_t *buffer = (const uint8_t *)buffer_;

	if (!(*buffer & 0x80)) {
		*ret = buffer[0];
		return 1;
	}

	if ((*buffer & 0xE0) == 0xC0) {
		if OF_UNLIKELY (length < 2)
			return -2;

		if OF_UNLIKELY ((buffer[1] & 0xC0) != 0x80)
			return 0;

		*ret = ((buffer[0] & 0x1F) << 6) | (buffer[1] & 0x3F);
		return 2;
	}

	if ((*buffer & 0xF0) == 0xE0) {
		if OF_UNLIKELY (length < 3)
			return -3;

		if OF_UNLIKELY ((buffer[1] & 0xC0) != 0x80 ||
		    (buffer[2] & 0xC0) != 0x80)
			return 0;

		*ret = ((buffer[0] & 0x0F) << 12) | ((buffer[1] & 0x3F) << 6) |
		    (buffer[2] & 0x3F);
		return 3;
	}

	if ((*buffer & 0xF8) == 0xF0) {
		if OF_UNLIKELY (length < 4)
			return -4;

		if OF_UNLIKELY ((buffer[1] & 0xC0) != 0x80 ||
		    (buffer[2] & 0xC0) != 0x80 || (buffer[3] & 0xC0) != 0x80)
			return 0;

		*ret = ((buffer[0] & 0x07) << 18) | ((buffer[1] & 0x3F) << 12) |
		    ((buffer[2] & 0x3F) << 6) | (buffer[3] & 0x3F);
		return 4;
	}

	return 0;
}

size_t
of_string_utf16_length(const of_char16_t *string)
{
	size_t length = 0;

	while (*string++ != 0)
		length++;

	return length;
}

size_t
of_string_utf32_length(const of_char32_t *string)
{
	size_t length = 0;

	while (*string++ != 0)
		length++;

	return length;
}

static OFString *
decomposedString(OFString *self, const char *const *const *table, size_t size)
{
	OFMutableString *ret = [OFMutableString string];
	void *pool = objc_autoreleasePoolPush();
	const of_unichar_t *characters = [self characters];
	size_t length = [self length];

	for (size_t i = 0; i < length; i++) {
		of_unichar_t c = characters[i];
		const char *const *page;

		if (c >= size) {
			[ret appendCharacters: &c
				       length: 1];
			continue;
		}

		page = table[c >> 8];
		if (page != NULL && page[c & 0xFF] != NULL)
			[ret appendUTF8String: page[c & 0xFF]];
		else
			[ret appendCharacters: &c
				       length: 1];
	}

	objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);

	return ret;
}

@implementation OFString_placeholder
- (instancetype)init
{
	return (id)[[OFString_UTF8 alloc] init];
}

- (instancetype)initWithUTF8String: (const char *)UTF8String
{
	id string;
	size_t length;
	void *storage;

	length = strlen(UTF8String);
	string = of_alloc_object([OFString_UTF8 class],
	    length + 1, 1, &storage);

	return (id)[string of_initWithUTF8String: UTF8String
					  length: length
					 storage: storage];
}

- (instancetype)initWithUTF8String: (const char *)UTF8String
			    length: (size_t)UTF8StringLength
{
	id string;
	void *storage;

	string = of_alloc_object([OFString_UTF8 class],
	    UTF8StringLength + 1, 1, &storage);

	return (id)[string of_initWithUTF8String: UTF8String
					  length: UTF8StringLength
					 storage: storage];
}

- (instancetype)initWithUTF8StringNoCopy: (char *)UTF8String
			    freeWhenDone: (bool)freeWhenDone
{
	return (id)[[OFString_UTF8 alloc]
	    initWithUTF8StringNoCopy: UTF8String
			freeWhenDone: freeWhenDone];
}

- (instancetype)initWithUTF8StringNoCopy: (char *)UTF8String
				  length: (size_t)UTF8StringLength
			    freeWhenDone: (bool)freeWhenDone
{
	return (id)[[OFString_UTF8 alloc]
	    initWithUTF8StringNoCopy: UTF8String
			      length: UTF8StringLength
			freeWhenDone: freeWhenDone];
}

- (instancetype)initWithCString: (const char *)cString
		       encoding: (of_string_encoding_t)encoding
{
	if (encoding == OF_STRING_ENCODING_UTF_8) {
		id string;
		size_t length;
		void *storage;

		length = strlen(cString);
		string = of_alloc_object([OFString_UTF8 class],
		    length + 1, 1, &storage);

		return (id)[string of_initWithUTF8String: cString
						  length: length
						 storage: storage];
	}

	return (id)[[OFString_UTF8 alloc] initWithCString: cString
						 encoding: encoding];
}

- (instancetype)initWithCString: (const char *)cString
		       encoding: (of_string_encoding_t)encoding
			 length: (size_t)cStringLength
{
	if (encoding == OF_STRING_ENCODING_UTF_8) {
		id string;
		void *storage;

		string = of_alloc_object([OFString_UTF8 class],
		    cStringLength + 1, 1, &storage);

		return (id)[string of_initWithUTF8String: cString
						  length: cStringLength
						 storage: storage];
	}

	return (id)[[OFString_UTF8 alloc] initWithCString: cString
						 encoding: encoding
						   length: cStringLength];
}

- (instancetype)initWithData: (OFData *)data
		    encoding: (of_string_encoding_t)encoding
{
	return (id)[[OFString_UTF8 alloc] initWithData: data
					      encoding: encoding];
}

- (instancetype)initWithString: (OFString *)string
{
	return (id)[[OFString_UTF8 alloc] initWithString: string];
}

- (instancetype)initWithCharacters: (const of_unichar_t *)string
			    length: (size_t)length
{
	return (id)[[OFString_UTF8 alloc] initWithCharacters: string
						      length: length];
}

- (instancetype)initWithUTF16String: (const of_char16_t *)string
{
	return (id)[[OFString_UTF8 alloc] initWithUTF16String: string];
}

- (instancetype)initWithUTF16String: (const of_char16_t *)string
			     length: (size_t)length
{
	return (id)[[OFString_UTF8 alloc] initWithUTF16String: string
						       length: length];
}

- (instancetype)initWithUTF16String: (const of_char16_t *)string
			  byteOrder: (of_byte_order_t)byteOrder
{
	return (id)[[OFString_UTF8 alloc] initWithUTF16String: string
						    byteOrder: byteOrder];
}

- (instancetype)initWithUTF16String: (const of_char16_t *)string
			     length: (size_t)length
			  byteOrder: (of_byte_order_t)byteOrder
{
	return (id)[[OFString_UTF8 alloc] initWithUTF16String: string
						       length: length
						    byteOrder: byteOrder];
}

- (instancetype)initWithUTF32String: (const of_char32_t *)string
{
	return (id)[[OFString_UTF8 alloc] initWithUTF32String: string];
}

- (instancetype)initWithUTF32String: (const of_char32_t *)string
			     length: (size_t)length
{
	return (id)[[OFString_UTF8 alloc] initWithUTF32String: string
						       length: length];
}

- (instancetype)initWithUTF32String: (const of_char32_t *)string
			  byteOrder: (of_byte_order_t)byteOrder
{
	return (id)[[OFString_UTF8 alloc] initWithUTF32String: string
						    byteOrder: byteOrder];
}

- (instancetype)initWithUTF32String: (const of_char32_t *)string
			     length: (size_t)length
			  byteOrder: (of_byte_order_t)byteOrder
{
	return (id)[[OFString_UTF8 alloc] initWithUTF32String: string
						       length: length
						    byteOrder: byteOrder];
}

- (instancetype)initWithFormat: (OFConstantString *)format, ...
{
	id ret;
	va_list arguments;

	va_start(arguments, format);
	ret = [[OFString_UTF8 alloc] initWithFormat: format
					  arguments: arguments];
	va_end(arguments);

	return ret;
}

- (instancetype)initWithFormat: (OFConstantString *)format
		     arguments: (va_list)arguments
{
	return (id)[[OFString_UTF8 alloc] initWithFormat: format
					       arguments: arguments];
}

#ifdef OF_HAVE_FILES
- (instancetype)initWithContentsOfFile: (OFString *)path
{
	return (id)[[OFString_UTF8 alloc] initWithContentsOfFile: path];
}

- (instancetype)initWithContentsOfFile: (OFString *)path
			      encoding: (of_string_encoding_t)encoding
{
	return (id)[[OFString_UTF8 alloc] initWithContentsOfFile: path
							encoding: encoding];
}
#endif

#if defined(OF_HAVE_FILES) || defined(OF_HAVE_SOCKETS)
- (instancetype)initWithContentsOfURL: (OFURL *)URL
{
	return (id)[[OFString_UTF8 alloc] initWithContentsOfURL: URL];
}

- (instancetype)initWithContentsOfURL: (OFURL *)URL
			     encoding: (of_string_encoding_t)encoding
{
	return (id)[[OFString_UTF8 alloc] initWithContentsOfURL: URL
						       encoding: encoding];
}
#endif

- (instancetype)initWithSerialization: (OFXMLElement *)element
{
	return (id)[[OFString_UTF8 alloc] initWithSerialization: element];
}

- (instancetype)retain
{
	return self;
}

- (instancetype)autorelease
{
	return self;
}

- (void)release
{
}

- (void)dealloc
{
	OF_DEALLOC_UNSUPPORTED
}
@end

@implementation OFString
+ (void)initialize
{
	if (self != [OFString class])
		return;

	placeholder.isa = [OFString_placeholder class];

#if defined(HAVE_STRTOF_L) || defined(HAVE_STRTOD_L)
	if ((cLocale = newlocale(LC_ALL_MASK, "C", NULL)) == NULL)
		@throw [OFInitializationFailedException
		    exceptionWithClass: self];
#endif
}

+ (instancetype)alloc
{
	if (self == [OFString class])
		return (id)&placeholder;

	return [super alloc];
}

+ (instancetype)string
{
	return [[[self alloc] init] autorelease];
}

+ (instancetype)stringWithUTF8String: (const char *)UTF8String
{
	return [[[self alloc] initWithUTF8String: UTF8String] autorelease];
}

+ (instancetype)stringWithUTF8String: (const char *)UTF8String
			      length: (size_t)UTF8StringLength
{
	return [[[self alloc]
	    initWithUTF8String: UTF8String
			length: UTF8StringLength] autorelease];
}

+ (instancetype)stringWithUTF8StringNoCopy: (char *)UTF8String
			      freeWhenDone: (bool)freeWhenDone
{
	return [[[self alloc]
	    initWithUTF8StringNoCopy: UTF8String
			freeWhenDone: freeWhenDone] autorelease];
}

+ (instancetype)stringWithUTF8StringNoCopy: (char *)UTF8String
				    length: (size_t)UTF8StringLength
			      freeWhenDone: (bool)freeWhenDone
{
	return [[[self alloc]
	    initWithUTF8StringNoCopy: UTF8String
			      length: UTF8StringLength
			freeWhenDone: freeWhenDone] autorelease];
}

+ (instancetype)stringWithCString: (const char *)cString
			 encoding: (of_string_encoding_t)encoding
{
	return [[[self alloc] initWithCString: cString
				     encoding: encoding] autorelease];
}

+ (instancetype)stringWithCString: (const char *)cString
			 encoding: (of_string_encoding_t)encoding
			   length: (size_t)cStringLength
{
	return [[[self alloc] initWithCString: cString
				     encoding: encoding
				       length: cStringLength] autorelease];
}

+ (instancetype)stringWithData: (OFData *)data
		      encoding: (of_string_encoding_t)encoding
{
	return [[[self alloc] initWithData: data
				  encoding: encoding] autorelease];
}

+ (instancetype)stringWithString: (OFString *)string
{
	return [[[self alloc] initWithString: string] autorelease];
}

+ (instancetype)stringWithCharacters: (const of_unichar_t *)string
			      length: (size_t)length
{
	return [[[self alloc] initWithCharacters: string
					  length: length] autorelease];
}

+ (instancetype)stringWithUTF16String: (const of_char16_t *)string
{
	return [[[self alloc] initWithUTF16String: string] autorelease];
}

+ (instancetype)stringWithUTF16String: (const of_char16_t *)string
			       length: (size_t)length
{
	return [[[self alloc] initWithUTF16String: string
					   length: length] autorelease];
}

+ (instancetype)stringWithUTF16String: (const of_char16_t *)string
			    byteOrder: (of_byte_order_t)byteOrder
{
	return [[[self alloc] initWithUTF16String: string
					byteOrder: byteOrder] autorelease];
}

+ (instancetype)stringWithUTF16String: (const of_char16_t *)string
			       length: (size_t)length
			    byteOrder: (of_byte_order_t)byteOrder
{
	return [[[self alloc] initWithUTF16String: string
					   length: length
					byteOrder: byteOrder] autorelease];
}

+ (instancetype)stringWithUTF32String: (const of_char32_t *)string
{
	return [[[self alloc] initWithUTF32String: string] autorelease];
}

+ (instancetype)stringWithUTF32String: (const of_char32_t *)string
			       length: (size_t)length
{
	return [[[self alloc] initWithUTF32String: string
					   length: length] autorelease];
}

+ (instancetype)stringWithUTF32String: (const of_char32_t *)string
			    byteOrder: (of_byte_order_t)byteOrder
{
	return [[[self alloc] initWithUTF32String: string
					byteOrder: byteOrder] autorelease];
}

+ (instancetype)stringWithUTF32String: (const of_char32_t *)string
			       length: (size_t)length
			    byteOrder: (of_byte_order_t)byteOrder
{
	return [[[self alloc] initWithUTF32String: string
					   length: length
					byteOrder: byteOrder] autorelease];
}

+ (instancetype)stringWithFormat: (OFConstantString *)format, ...
{
	id ret;
	va_list arguments;

	va_start(arguments, format);
	ret = [[[self alloc] initWithFormat: format
				  arguments: arguments] autorelease];
	va_end(arguments);

	return ret;
}

#ifdef OF_HAVE_FILES
+ (instancetype)stringWithContentsOfFile: (OFString *)path
{
	return [[[self alloc] initWithContentsOfFile: path] autorelease];
}

+ (instancetype)stringWithContentsOfFile: (OFString *)path
				encoding: (of_string_encoding_t)encoding
{
	return [[[self alloc] initWithContentsOfFile: path
					    encoding: encoding] autorelease];
}
#endif

#if defined(OF_HAVE_FILES) || defined(OF_HAVE_SOCKETS)
+ (instancetype)stringWithContentsOfURL: (OFURL *)URL
{
	return [[[self alloc] initWithContentsOfURL: URL] autorelease];
}

+ (instancetype)stringWithContentsOfURL: (OFURL *)URL
			       encoding: (of_string_encoding_t)encoding
{
	return [[[self alloc] initWithContentsOfURL: URL
					   encoding: encoding] autorelease];
}
#endif

- (instancetype)init
{
	if ([self isMemberOfClass: [OFString class]]) {
		@try {
			[self doesNotRecognizeSelector: _cmd];
		} @catch (id e) {
			[self release];
			@throw e;
		}

		abort();
	}

	return [super init];
}

- (instancetype)initWithUTF8String: (const char *)UTF8String
{
	return [self initWithCString: UTF8String
			    encoding: OF_STRING_ENCODING_UTF_8
			      length: strlen(UTF8String)];
}

- (instancetype)initWithUTF8String: (const char *)UTF8String
			    length: (size_t)UTF8StringLength
{
	return [self initWithCString: UTF8String
			    encoding: OF_STRING_ENCODING_UTF_8
			      length: UTF8StringLength];
}

- (instancetype)initWithUTF8StringNoCopy: (char *)UTF8String
			    freeWhenDone: (bool)freeWhenDone
{
	@try {
		return [self initWithUTF8String: UTF8String];
	} @finally {
		if (freeWhenDone)
			free(UTF8String);
	}
}

- (instancetype)initWithUTF8StringNoCopy: (char *)UTF8String
				  length: (size_t)UTF8StringLength
			    freeWhenDone: (bool)freeWhenDone
{
	@try {
		return [self initWithUTF8String: UTF8String
					 length: UTF8StringLength];
	} @finally {
		if (freeWhenDone)
			free(UTF8String);
	}
}

- (instancetype)initWithCString: (const char *)cString
		       encoding: (of_string_encoding_t)encoding
{
	return [self initWithCString: cString
			    encoding: encoding
			      length: strlen(cString)];
}

- (instancetype)initWithCString: (const char *)cString
		       encoding: (of_string_encoding_t)encoding
			 length: (size_t)cStringLength
{
	OF_INVALID_INIT_METHOD
}

- (instancetype)initWithData: (OFData *)data
		    encoding: (of_string_encoding_t)encoding
{
	@try {
		if ([data itemSize] != 1)
			@throw [OFInvalidArgumentException exception];
	} @catch (id e) {
		[self release];
		@throw e;
	}

	self = [self initWithCString: [data items]
			    encoding: encoding
			      length: [data count]];

	return self;
}

- (instancetype)initWithString: (OFString *)string
{
	OF_INVALID_INIT_METHOD
}

- (instancetype)initWithCharacters: (const of_unichar_t *)string
			    length: (size_t)length
{
	OF_INVALID_INIT_METHOD
}

- (instancetype)initWithUTF16String: (const of_char16_t *)string
{
	return [self initWithUTF16String: string
				  length: of_string_utf16_length(string)
			       byteOrder: OF_BYTE_ORDER_NATIVE];
}

- (instancetype)initWithUTF16String: (const of_char16_t *)string
			     length: (size_t)length
{
	return [self initWithUTF16String: string
				  length: length
			       byteOrder: OF_BYTE_ORDER_NATIVE];
}

- (instancetype)initWithUTF16String: (const of_char16_t *)string
			  byteOrder: (of_byte_order_t)byteOrder
{
	return [self initWithUTF16String: string
				  length: of_string_utf16_length(string)
			       byteOrder: byteOrder];
}

- (instancetype)initWithUTF16String: (const of_char16_t *)string
			     length: (size_t)length
			  byteOrder: (of_byte_order_t)byteOrder
{
	OF_INVALID_INIT_METHOD
}

- (instancetype)initWithUTF32String: (const of_char32_t *)string
{
	return [self initWithUTF32String: string
				  length: of_string_utf32_length(string)
			       byteOrder: OF_BYTE_ORDER_NATIVE];
}

- (instancetype)initWithUTF32String: (const of_char32_t *)string
			     length: (size_t)length
{
	return [self initWithUTF32String: string
				  length: length
			       byteOrder: OF_BYTE_ORDER_NATIVE];
}

- (instancetype)initWithUTF32String: (const of_char32_t *)string
			  byteOrder: (of_byte_order_t)byteOrder
{
	return [self initWithUTF32String: string
				  length: of_string_utf32_length(string)
			       byteOrder: byteOrder];
}

- (instancetype)initWithUTF32String: (const of_char32_t *)string
			     length: (size_t)length
			  byteOrder: (of_byte_order_t)byteOrder
{
	OF_INVALID_INIT_METHOD
}

- (instancetype)initWithFormat: (OFConstantString *)format, ...
{
	id ret;
	va_list arguments;

	va_start(arguments, format);
	ret = [self initWithFormat: format
			 arguments: arguments];
	va_end(arguments);

	return ret;
}

- (instancetype)initWithFormat: (OFConstantString *)format
		     arguments: (va_list)arguments
{
	OF_INVALID_INIT_METHOD
}

#ifdef OF_HAVE_FILES
- (instancetype)initWithContentsOfFile: (OFString *)path
{
	return [self initWithContentsOfFile: path
				   encoding: OF_STRING_ENCODING_UTF_8];
}

- (instancetype)initWithContentsOfFile: (OFString *)path
			      encoding: (of_string_encoding_t)encoding
{
	char *tmp;
	uintmax_t fileSize;

	@try {
		void *pool = objc_autoreleasePoolPush();
		OFFile *file = nil;

		@try {
			fileSize = [[[OFFileManager defaultManager]
			    attributesOfItemAtPath: path] fileSize];
		} @catch (OFRetrieveItemAttributesFailedException *e) {
			@throw [OFOpenItemFailedException
			    exceptionWithPath: path
					 mode: @"r"
					errNo: errno];
		}

		objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);

# if UINTMAX_MAX > SIZE_MAX
		if (fileSize > SIZE_MAX)
			@throw [OFOutOfRangeException exception];
#endif

		/*
		 * We need one extra byte for the terminating zero if we want
		 * to use -[initWithUTF8StringNoCopy:length:freeWhenDone:].
		 */
		if (SIZE_MAX - (size_t)fileSize < 1)
			@throw [OFOutOfRangeException exception];

		if ((tmp = malloc((size_t)fileSize + 1)) == NULL)
			@throw [OFOutOfMemoryException
			    exceptionWithRequestedSize: (size_t)fileSize];

		@try {
			file = [[OFFile alloc] initWithPath: path
						       mode: @"r"];

			[file readIntoBuffer: tmp
				 exactLength: (size_t)fileSize];
		} @catch (id e) {
			free(tmp);
			@throw e;
		} @finally {
			[file release];
		}

		tmp[(size_t)fileSize] = '\0';
	} @catch (id e) {
		[self release];
		@throw e;
	}

	if (encoding == OF_STRING_ENCODING_UTF_8)
		self = [self initWithUTF8StringNoCopy: tmp
					       length: (size_t)fileSize
					 freeWhenDone: true];
	else {
		@try {
			self = [self initWithCString: tmp
					    encoding: encoding
					      length: (size_t)fileSize];
		} @finally {
			free(tmp);
		}
	}

	return self;
}
#endif

- (instancetype)initWithContentsOfURL: (OFURL *)URL
{
	return [self initWithContentsOfURL: URL
				  encoding: OF_STRING_ENCODING_AUTODETECT];
}

- (instancetype)initWithContentsOfURL: (OFURL *)URL
			     encoding: (of_string_encoding_t)encoding
{
	void *pool = objc_autoreleasePoolPush();
	OFData *data;

	@try {
		data = [OFData dataWithContentsOfURL: URL];
	} @catch (id e) {
		[self release];
		@throw e;
	}

	self = [self initWithCString: [data items]
			    encoding: encoding
			      length: [data count]];

	objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);

	return self;
}

- (instancetype)initWithSerialization: (OFXMLElement *)element
{
	void *pool = objc_autoreleasePoolPush();
	OFString *stringValue;

	@try {
		if (![[element namespace] isEqual: OF_SERIALIZATION_NS])
			@throw [OFInvalidArgumentException exception];

		if ([self isKindOfClass: [OFMutableString class]]) {
			if (![[element name] isEqual: @"OFMutableString"])
				@throw [OFInvalidArgumentException exception];
		} else {
			if (![[element name] isEqual: @"OFString"])
				@throw [OFInvalidArgumentException exception];
		}

		stringValue = [element stringValue];
	} @catch (id e) {
		[self release];
		@throw e;
	}

	self = [self initWithString: stringValue];

	objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);

	return self;
}

- (size_t)of_getCString: (char *)cString
	      maxLength: (size_t)maxLength
	       encoding: (of_string_encoding_t)encoding
		  lossy: (bool)lossy
{
	const of_unichar_t *characters = [self characters];
	size_t i, length = [self length];

	switch (encoding) {
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_UTF_8:;
		size_t j = 0;

		for (i = 0; i < length; i++) {
			char buffer[4];
			size_t len = of_string_utf8_encode(characters[i],
			    buffer);

			/*
			 * Check for one more than the current index, as we
			 * need one for the terminating zero.
			 */
			if (j + len >= maxLength)
				@throw [OFOutOfRangeException exception];

			switch (len) {
			case 1:
				cString[j++] = buffer[0];

				break;
			case 2:
			case 3:
			case 4:
				memcpy(cString + j, buffer, len);
				j += len;

				break;
			default:
				@throw [OFInvalidEncodingException exception];

				break;
			}
		}

		cString[j] = '\0';

		return j;
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_ASCII:
		if (length + 1 > maxLength)
			@throw [OFOutOfRangeException exception];

		for (i = 0; i < length; i++) {
			if OF_UNLIKELY (characters[i] > 0x80) {
				if (lossy)
					cString[i] = '?';
				else
					@throw [OFInvalidEncodingException
					    exception];
			} else
				cString[i] = (unsigned char)characters[i];
		}

		cString[i] = '\0';

		return length;
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_ISO_8859_1:
		if (length + 1 > maxLength)
			@throw [OFOutOfRangeException exception];

		for (i = 0; i < length; i++) {
			if OF_UNLIKELY (characters[i] > 0xFF) {
				if (lossy)
					cString[i] = '?';
				else
					@throw [OFInvalidEncodingException
					    exception];
			} else
				cString[i] = (unsigned char)characters[i];
		}

		cString[i] = '\0';

		return length;
#ifdef HAVE_ISO_8859_2
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_ISO_8859_2:
		if (length + 1 > maxLength)
			@throw [OFOutOfRangeException exception];

		if (!of_unicode_to_iso_8859_2(characters,
		    (unsigned char *)cString, length, lossy))
			@throw [OFInvalidEncodingException exception];

		cString[length] = '\0';

		return length;
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_ISO_8859_3
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_ISO_8859_3:
		if (length + 1 > maxLength)
			@throw [OFOutOfRangeException exception];

		if (!of_unicode_to_iso_8859_3(characters,
		    (unsigned char *)cString, length, lossy))
			@throw [OFInvalidEncodingException exception];

		cString[length] = '\0';

		return length;
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_ISO_8859_15
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_ISO_8859_15:
		if (length + 1 > maxLength)
			@throw [OFOutOfRangeException exception];

		if (!of_unicode_to_iso_8859_15(characters,
		    (unsigned char *)cString, length, lossy))
			@throw [OFInvalidEncodingException exception];

		cString[length] = '\0';

		return length;
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_WINDOWS_1251
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_WINDOWS_1251:
		if (length + 1 > maxLength)
			@throw [OFOutOfRangeException exception];

		if (!of_unicode_to_windows_1251(characters,
		    (unsigned char *)cString, length, lossy))
			@throw [OFInvalidEncodingException exception];

		cString[length] = '\0';

		return length;
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_WINDOWS_1252
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_WINDOWS_1252:
		if (length + 1 > maxLength)
			@throw [OFOutOfRangeException exception];

		if (!of_unicode_to_windows_1252(characters,
		    (unsigned char *)cString, length, lossy))
			@throw [OFInvalidEncodingException exception];

		cString[length] = '\0';

		return length;
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_CODEPAGE_437
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_CODEPAGE_437:
		if (length + 1 > maxLength)
			@throw [OFOutOfRangeException exception];

		if (!of_unicode_to_codepage_437(characters,
		    (unsigned char *)cString, length, lossy))
			@throw [OFInvalidEncodingException exception];

		cString[length] = '\0';

		return length;
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_CODEPAGE_850
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_CODEPAGE_850:
		if (length + 1 > maxLength)
			@throw [OFOutOfRangeException exception];

		if (!of_unicode_to_codepage_850(characters,
		    (unsigned char *)cString, length, lossy))
			@throw [OFInvalidEncodingException exception];

		cString[length] = '\0';

		return length;
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_CODEPAGE_858
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_CODEPAGE_858:
		if (length + 1 > maxLength)
			@throw [OFOutOfRangeException exception];

		if (!of_unicode_to_codepage_858(characters,
		    (unsigned char *)cString, length, lossy))
			@throw [OFInvalidEncodingException exception];

		cString[length] = '\0';

		return length;
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_MAC_ROMAN
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_MAC_ROMAN:
		if (length + 1 > maxLength)
			@throw [OFOutOfRangeException exception];

		if (!of_unicode_to_mac_roman(characters,
		    (unsigned char *)cString, length, lossy))
			@throw [OFInvalidEncodingException exception];

		cString[length] = '\0';

		return length;
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_KOI8_R
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_KOI8_R:
		if (length + 1 > maxLength)
			@throw [OFOutOfRangeException exception];

		if (!of_unicode_to_koi8_r(characters,
		    (unsigned char *)cString, length, lossy))
			@throw [OFInvalidEncodingException exception];

		cString[length] = '\0';

		return length;
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_KOI8_U
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_KOI8_U:
		if (length + 1 > maxLength)
			@throw [OFOutOfRangeException exception];

		if (!of_unicode_to_koi8_u(characters,
		    (unsigned char *)cString, length, lossy))
			@throw [OFInvalidEncodingException exception];

		cString[length] = '\0';

		return length;
#endif
	default:
		@throw [OFNotImplementedException exceptionWithSelector: _cmd
								 object: self];
	}
}

- (size_t)getCString: (char *)cString
	   maxLength: (size_t)maxLength
	    encoding: (of_string_encoding_t)encoding
{
	return [self of_getCString: cString
			 maxLength: maxLength
			  encoding: encoding
			     lossy: false];
}

- (size_t)getLossyCString: (char *)cString
		maxLength: (size_t)maxLength
		 encoding: (of_string_encoding_t)encoding
{
	return [self of_getCString: cString
			 maxLength: maxLength
			  encoding: encoding
			     lossy: true];
}

- (const char *)of_cStringWithEncoding: (of_string_encoding_t)encoding
				 lossy: (bool)lossy
{
	OFObject *object = [[[OFObject alloc] init] autorelease];
	size_t length = [self length];
	char *cString;

	switch (encoding) {
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_UTF_8:;
		size_t cStringLength;

		cString = [object allocMemoryWithSize: (length * 4) + 1];

		cStringLength = [self of_getCString: cString
					  maxLength: (length * 4) + 1
					   encoding: OF_STRING_ENCODING_UTF_8
					      lossy: lossy];

		@try {
			cString = [object resizeMemory: cString
						  size: cStringLength + 1];
		} @catch (OFOutOfMemoryException *e) {
			/* We don't care, as we only tried to make it smaller */
		}

		break;
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_ASCII:
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_ISO_8859_1:
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_ISO_8859_2:
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_ISO_8859_3:
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_ISO_8859_15:
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_WINDOWS_1251:
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_WINDOWS_1252:
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_CODEPAGE_437:
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_CODEPAGE_850:
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_CODEPAGE_858:
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_MAC_ROMAN:
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_KOI8_R:
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_KOI8_U:
		cString = [object allocMemoryWithSize: length + 1];

		[self of_getCString: cString
			  maxLength: length + 1
			   encoding: encoding
			      lossy: lossy];

		break;
	default:
		@throw [OFInvalidEncodingException exception];
	}

	return cString;
}

- (const char *)cStringWithEncoding: (of_string_encoding_t)encoding
{
	return [self of_cStringWithEncoding: encoding
				      lossy: false];
}

- (const char *)lossyCStringWithEncoding: (of_string_encoding_t)encoding
{
	return [self of_cStringWithEncoding: encoding
				      lossy: true];
}

- (const char *)UTF8String
{
	return [self cStringWithEncoding: OF_STRING_ENCODING_UTF_8];
}

- (size_t)length
{
	OF_UNRECOGNIZED_SELECTOR
}

- (size_t)cStringLengthWithEncoding: (of_string_encoding_t)encoding
{
	switch (encoding) {
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_UTF_8:;
		const of_unichar_t *characters;
		size_t length, UTF8StringLength = 0;

		characters = [self characters];
		length = [self length];

		for (size_t i = 0; i < length; i++) {
			char buffer[4];
			size_t len = of_string_utf8_encode(characters[i],
			    buffer);

			if (len == 0)
				@throw [OFInvalidEncodingException exception];

			UTF8StringLength += len;
		}

		return UTF8StringLength;
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_ASCII:
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_ISO_8859_1:
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_ISO_8859_2:
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_ISO_8859_3:
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_ISO_8859_15:
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_WINDOWS_1251:
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_WINDOWS_1252:
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_CODEPAGE_437:
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_CODEPAGE_850:
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_CODEPAGE_858:
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_MAC_ROMAN:
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_KOI8_R:
	case OF_STRING_ENCODING_KOI8_U:
		return [self length];
	default:
		@throw [OFInvalidEncodingException exception];
	}
}

- (size_t)UTF8StringLength
{
	return [self cStringLengthWithEncoding: OF_STRING_ENCODING_UTF_8];
}

- (of_unichar_t)characterAtIndex: (size_t)idx
{
	OF_UNRECOGNIZED_SELECTOR
}

- (void)getCharacters: (of_unichar_t *)buffer
	      inRange: (of_range_t)range
{
	for (size_t i = 0; i < range.length; i++)
		buffer[i] = [self characterAtIndex: range.location + i];
}

- (bool)isEqual: (id)object
{
	void *pool;
	OFString *otherString;
	const of_unichar_t *characters, *otherCharacters;
	size_t length;

	if (object == self)
		return true;

	if (![object isKindOfClass: [OFString class]])
		return false;

	otherString = object;
	length = [self length];

	if ([otherString length] != length)
		return false;

	pool = objc_autoreleasePoolPush();

	characters = [self characters];
	otherCharacters = [otherString characters];

	if (memcmp(characters, otherCharacters,
	    length * sizeof(of_unichar_t)) != 0) {
		objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);
		return false;
	}

	objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);

	return true;
}

- (id)copy
{
	return [self retain];
}

- (id)mutableCopy
{
	return [[OFMutableString alloc] initWithString: self];
}

- (of_comparison_result_t)compare: (id <OFComparing>)object
{
	void *pool;
	OFString *otherString;
	const of_unichar_t *characters, *otherCharacters;
	size_t minimumLength;

	if (object == self)
		return OF_ORDERED_SAME;

	if (![(id)object isKindOfClass: [OFString class]])
		@throw [OFInvalidArgumentException exception];

	otherString = (OFString *)object;
	minimumLength = ([self length] > [otherString length]
	    ? [otherString length] : [self length]);

	pool = objc_autoreleasePoolPush();

	characters = [self characters];
	otherCharacters = [otherString characters];

	for (size_t i = 0; i < minimumLength; i++) {
		if (characters[i] > otherCharacters[i]) {
			objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);
			return OF_ORDERED_DESCENDING;
		}

		if (characters[i] < otherCharacters[i]) {
			objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);
			return OF_ORDERED_ASCENDING;
		}
	}

	objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);

	if ([self length] > [otherString length])
		return OF_ORDERED_DESCENDING;
	if ([self length] < [otherString length])
		return OF_ORDERED_ASCENDING;

	return OF_ORDERED_SAME;
}

- (of_comparison_result_t)caseInsensitiveCompare: (OFString *)otherString
{
	void *pool = objc_autoreleasePoolPush();
	const of_unichar_t *characters, *otherCharacters;
	size_t length, otherLength, minimumLength;

	if (otherString == self)
		return OF_ORDERED_SAME;

	characters = [self characters];
	otherCharacters = [otherString characters];
	length = [self length];
	otherLength = [otherString length];

	minimumLength = (length > otherLength ? otherLength : length);

	for (size_t i = 0; i < minimumLength; i++) {
		of_unichar_t c = characters[i];
		of_unichar_t oc = otherCharacters[i];

#ifdef OF_HAVE_UNICODE_TABLES
		if (c >> 8 < OF_UNICODE_CASEFOLDING_TABLE_SIZE) {
			of_unichar_t tc =
			    of_unicode_casefolding_table[c >> 8][c & 0xFF];

			if (tc)
				c = tc;
		}
		if (oc >> 8 < OF_UNICODE_CASEFOLDING_TABLE_SIZE) {
			of_unichar_t tc =
			    of_unicode_casefolding_table[oc >> 8][oc & 0xFF];

			if (tc)
				oc = tc;
		}
#else
		c = of_ascii_toupper(c);
		oc = of_ascii_toupper(oc);
#endif

		if (c > oc) {
			objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);
			return OF_ORDERED_DESCENDING;
		}
		if (c < oc) {
			objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);
			return OF_ORDERED_ASCENDING;
		}
	}

	objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);

	if (length > otherLength)
		return OF_ORDERED_DESCENDING;
	if (length < otherLength)
		return OF_ORDERED_ASCENDING;

	return OF_ORDERED_SAME;
}

- (uint32_t)hash
{
	const of_unichar_t *characters = [self characters];
	size_t length = [self length];
	uint32_t hash;

	OF_HASH_INIT(hash);

	for (size_t i = 0; i < length; i++) {
		const of_unichar_t c = characters[i];

		OF_HASH_ADD(hash, (c & 0xFF0000) >> 16);
		OF_HASH_ADD(hash, (c & 0x00FF00) >>  8);
		OF_HASH_ADD(hash,  c & 0x0000FF);
	}

	OF_HASH_FINALIZE(hash);

	return hash;
}

- (OFString *)description
{
	return [[self copy] autorelease];
}

- (OFXMLElement *)XMLElementBySerializing
{
	void *pool = objc_autoreleasePoolPush();
	OFXMLElement *element;
	OFString *className;

	if ([self isKindOfClass: [OFMutableString class]])
		className = @"OFMutableString";
	else
		className = @"OFString";

	element = [OFXMLElement elementWithName: className
				      namespace: OF_SERIALIZATION_NS
				    stringValue: self];

	[element retain];

	objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);

	return [element autorelease];
}

- (OFString *)JSONRepresentation
{
	return [self of_JSONRepresentationWithOptions: 0
						depth: 0];
}

- (OFString *)JSONRepresentationWithOptions: (int)options
{
	return [self of_JSONRepresentationWithOptions: options
						depth: 0];
}

- (OFString *)of_JSONRepresentationWithOptions: (int)options
					 depth: (size_t)depth
{
	OFMutableString *JSON = [[self mutableCopy] autorelease];

	/* FIXME: This is slow! Write it in pure C! */
	[JSON replaceOccurrencesOfString: @"\\"
			      withString: @"\\\\"];
	[JSON replaceOccurrencesOfString: @"\""
			      withString: @"\\\""];
	[JSON replaceOccurrencesOfString: @"\b"
			      withString: @"\\b"];
	[JSON replaceOccurrencesOfString: @"\f"
			      withString: @"\\f"];
	[JSON replaceOccurrencesOfString: @"\r"
			      withString: @"\\r"];
	[JSON replaceOccurrencesOfString: @"\t"
			      withString: @"\\t"];

	if (options & OF_JSON_REPRESENTATION_JSON5) {
		[JSON replaceOccurrencesOfString: @"\n"
				      withString: @"\\\n"];

		if (options & OF_JSON_REPRESENTATION_IDENTIFIER) {
			const char *cString = [self UTF8String];

			if ((!of_ascii_isalpha(cString[0]) &&
			    cString[0] != '_' && cString[0] != '$') ||
			    strpbrk(cString, " \n\r\t\b\f\\\"'") != NULL) {
				[JSON prependString: @"\""];
				[JSON appendString: @"\""];
			}
		} else {
			[JSON prependString: @"\""];
			[JSON appendString: @"\""];
		}
	} else {
		[JSON replaceOccurrencesOfString: @"\n"
				      withString: @"\\n"];

		[JSON prependString: @"\""];
		[JSON appendString: @"\""];
	}

	[JSON makeImmutable];

	return JSON;
}

- (OFData *)messagePackRepresentation
{
	OFMutableData *data;
	size_t length;

	length = [self UTF8StringLength];

	if (length <= 31) {
		uint8_t tmp = 0xA0 | ((uint8_t)length & 0x1F);

		data = [OFMutableData dataWithItemSize: 1
					      capacity: length + 1];

		[data addItem: &tmp];
	} else if (length <= UINT8_MAX) {
		uint8_t type = 0xD9;
		uint8_t tmp = (uint8_t)length;

		data = [OFMutableData dataWithItemSize: 1
					      capacity: length + 2];

		[data addItem: &type];
		[data addItem: &tmp];
	} else if (length <= UINT16_MAX) {
		uint8_t type = 0xDA;
		uint16_t tmp = OF_BSWAP16_IF_LE((uint16_t)length);

		data = [OFMutableData dataWithItemSize: 1
					      capacity: length + 3];

		[data addItem: &type];
		[data addItems: &tmp
			 count: sizeof(tmp)];
	} else if (length <= UINT32_MAX) {
		uint8_t type = 0xDB;
		uint32_t tmp = OF_BSWAP32_IF_LE((uint32_t)length);

		data = [OFMutableData dataWithItemSize: 1
					      capacity: length + 5];

		[data addItem: &type];
		[data addItems: &tmp
			 count: sizeof(tmp)];
	} else
		@throw [OFOutOfRangeException exception];

	[data addItems: [self UTF8String]
		 count: length];

	return data;
}

- (of_range_t)rangeOfString: (OFString *)string
{
	return [self rangeOfString: string
			   options: 0
			     range: of_range(0, [self length])];
}

- (of_range_t)rangeOfString: (OFString *)string
		    options: (int)options
{
	return [self rangeOfString: string
			   options: options
			     range: of_range(0, [self length])];
}

- (of_range_t)rangeOfString: (OFString *)string
		    options: (int)options
		      range: (of_range_t)range
{
	void *pool;
	const of_unichar_t *searchCharacters;
	of_unichar_t *characters;
	size_t searchLength;

	if ((searchLength = [string length]) == 0)
		return of_range(0, 0);

	if (searchLength > range.length)
		return of_range(OF_NOT_FOUND, 0);

	if (range.length > SIZE_MAX / sizeof(of_unichar_t))
		@throw [OFOutOfRangeException exception];

	pool = objc_autoreleasePoolPush();

	searchCharacters = [string characters];

	if ((characters = malloc(range.length * sizeof(of_unichar_t))) == NULL)
		@throw [OFOutOfMemoryException exceptionWithRequestedSize:
		    range.length * sizeof(of_unichar_t)];

	@try {
		[self getCharacters: characters
			    inRange: range];

		if (options & OF_STRING_SEARCH_BACKWARDS) {
			for (size_t i = range.length - searchLength;; i--) {
				if (memcmp(characters + i, searchCharacters,
				    searchLength * sizeof(of_unichar_t)) == 0) {
					objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);
					return of_range(range.location + i,
					    searchLength);
				}

				/* No match and we're at the last character */
				if (i == 0)
					break;
			}
		} else {
			for (size_t i = 0;
			    i <= range.length - searchLength; i++) {
				if (memcmp(characters + i, searchCharacters,
				    searchLength * sizeof(of_unichar_t)) == 0) {
					objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);
					return of_range(range.location + i,
					    searchLength);
				}
			}
		}
	} @finally {
		free(characters);
	}

	objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);

	return of_range(OF_NOT_FOUND, 0);
}

- (size_t)indexOfCharacterFromSet: (OFCharacterSet *)characterSet
{
	return [self indexOfCharacterFromSet: characterSet
				     options: 0
				       range: of_range(0, [self length])];
}

- (size_t)indexOfCharacterFromSet: (OFCharacterSet *)characterSet
			  options: (int)options
{
	return [self indexOfCharacterFromSet: characterSet
				     options: options
				       range: of_range(0, [self length])];
}

- (size_t)indexOfCharacterFromSet: (OFCharacterSet *)characterSet
			  options: (int)options
			    range: (of_range_t)range
{
	bool (*characterIsMember)(id, SEL, of_unichar_t) =
	    (bool (*)(id, SEL, of_unichar_t))[characterSet
	    methodForSelector: @selector(characterIsMember:)];
	of_unichar_t *characters;

	if (range.length == 0)
		return OF_NOT_FOUND;

	if (range.length > SIZE_MAX / sizeof(of_unichar_t))
		@throw [OFOutOfRangeException exception];

	if ((characters = malloc(range.length * sizeof(of_unichar_t))) == NULL)
		@throw [OFOutOfMemoryException exceptionWithRequestedSize:
		    range.length * sizeof(of_unichar_t)];

	@try {
		[self getCharacters: characters
			    inRange: range];

		if (options & OF_STRING_SEARCH_BACKWARDS) {
			for (size_t i = range.length - 1;; i--) {
				if (characterIsMember(characterSet,
				    @selector(characterIsMember:),
				    characters[i]))
					return range.location + i;

				/* No match and we're at the last character */
				if (i == 0)
					break;
			}
		} else {
			for (size_t i = 0; i < range.length; i++)
				if (characterIsMember(characterSet,
				    @selector(characterIsMember:),
				    characters[i]))
					return range.location + i;
		}
	} @finally {
		free(characters);
	}

	return OF_NOT_FOUND;
}

- (bool)containsString: (OFString *)string
{
	void *pool;
	const of_unichar_t *characters, *searchCharacters;
	size_t length, searchLength;

	if ((searchLength = [string length]) == 0)
		return true;

	if (searchLength > (length = [self length]))
		return false;

	pool = objc_autoreleasePoolPush();

	characters = [self characters];
	searchCharacters = [string characters];

	for (size_t i = 0; i <= length - searchLength; i++) {
		if (memcmp(characters + i, searchCharacters,
		    searchLength * sizeof(of_unichar_t)) == 0) {
			objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);
			return true;
		}
	}

	objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);

	return false;
}

- (OFString *)substringWithRange: (of_range_t)range
{
	void *pool;
	OFString *ret;

	if (range.length > SIZE_MAX - range.location ||
	    range.location + range.length > [self length])
		@throw [OFOutOfRangeException exception];

	pool = objc_autoreleasePoolPush();
	ret = [[OFString alloc]
	    initWithCharacters: [self characters] + range.location
			length: range.length];
	objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);

	return [ret autorelease];
}

- (OFString *)stringByAppendingString: (OFString *)string
{
	OFMutableString *new;

	new = [OFMutableString stringWithString: self];
	[new appendString: string];

	[new makeImmutable];

	return new;
}

- (OFString *)stringByAppendingFormat: (OFConstantString *)format, ...
{
	OFString *ret;
	va_list arguments;

	va_start(arguments, format);
	ret = [self stringByAppendingFormat: format
				  arguments: arguments];
	va_end(arguments);

	return ret;
}

- (OFString *)stringByAppendingFormat: (OFConstantString *)format
			    arguments: (va_list)arguments
{
	OFMutableString *new;

	new = [OFMutableString stringWithString: self];
	[new appendFormat: format
		arguments: arguments];

	[new makeImmutable];

	return new;
}

- (OFString *)stringByAppendingURLPathComponent: (OFString *)component
{
	if ([self hasSuffix: @"/"])
		return [self stringByAppendingString: component];
	else {
		OFMutableString *ret = [[self mutableCopy] autorelease];

		[ret appendString: @"/"];
		[ret appendString: component];

		[ret makeImmutable];

		return ret;
	}
}

- (OFString *)stringByPrependingString: (OFString *)string
{
	OFMutableString *new = [[string mutableCopy] autorelease];

	[new appendString: self];

	[new makeImmutable];

	return new;
}

- (OFString *)stringByReplacingOccurrencesOfString: (OFString *)string
					withString: (OFString *)replacement
{
	OFMutableString *new = [[self mutableCopy] autorelease];

	[new replaceOccurrencesOfString: string
			     withString: replacement];

	[new makeImmutable];

	return new;
}

- (OFString *)stringByReplacingOccurrencesOfString: (OFString *)string
					withString: (OFString *)replacement
					   options: (int)options
					     range: (of_range_t)range
{
	OFMutableString *new = [[self mutableCopy] autorelease];

	[new replaceOccurrencesOfString: string
			     withString: replacement
				options: options
				  range: range];

	[new makeImmutable];

	return new;
}

- (OFString *)uppercaseString
{
	OFMutableString *new = [[self mutableCopy] autorelease];

	[new uppercase];

	[new makeImmutable];

	return new;
}

- (OFString *)lowercaseString
{
	OFMutableString *new = [[self mutableCopy] autorelease];

	[new lowercase];

	[new makeImmutable];

	return new;
}

- (OFString *)capitalizedString
{
	OFMutableString *new = [[self mutableCopy] autorelease];

	[new capitalize];

	[new makeImmutable];

	return new;
}

- (OFString *)stringByDeletingLeadingWhitespaces
{
	OFMutableString *new = [[self mutableCopy] autorelease];

	[new deleteLeadingWhitespaces];

	[new makeImmutable];

	return new;
}

- (OFString *)stringByDeletingTrailingWhitespaces
{
	OFMutableString *new = [[self mutableCopy] autorelease];

	[new deleteTrailingWhitespaces];

	[new makeImmutable];

	return new;
}

- (OFString *)stringByDeletingEnclosingWhitespaces
{
	OFMutableString *new = [[self mutableCopy] autorelease];

	[new deleteEnclosingWhitespaces];

	[new makeImmutable];

	return new;
}

- (bool)hasPrefix: (OFString *)prefix
{
	of_unichar_t *tmp;
	const of_unichar_t *prefixCharacters;
	size_t prefixLength;
	bool hasPrefix;

	if ((prefixLength = [prefix length]) > [self length])
		return false;

	tmp = [self allocMemoryWithSize: sizeof(of_unichar_t)
				  count: prefixLength];
	@try {
		void *pool = objc_autoreleasePoolPush();

		[self getCharacters: tmp
			    inRange: of_range(0, prefixLength)];

		prefixCharacters = [prefix characters];
		hasPrefix = (memcmp(tmp, prefixCharacters,
		    prefixLength * sizeof(of_unichar_t)) == 0);

		objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);
	} @finally {
		[self freeMemory: tmp];
	}

	return hasPrefix;
}

- (bool)hasSuffix: (OFString *)suffix
{
	of_unichar_t *tmp;
	const of_unichar_t *suffixCharacters;
	size_t length, suffixLength;
	bool hasSuffix;

	if ((suffixLength = [suffix length]) > [self length])
		return false;

	length = [self length];

	tmp = [self allocMemoryWithSize: sizeof(of_unichar_t)
				  count: suffixLength];
	@try {
		void *pool = objc_autoreleasePoolPush();

		[self getCharacters: tmp
			    inRange: of_range(length - suffixLength,
					 suffixLength)];

		suffixCharacters = [suffix characters];
		hasSuffix = (memcmp(tmp, suffixCharacters,
		    suffixLength * sizeof(of_unichar_t)) == 0);

		objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);
	} @finally {
		[self freeMemory: tmp];
	}

	return hasSuffix;
}

- (OFArray *)componentsSeparatedByString: (OFString *)delimiter
{
	return [self componentsSeparatedByString: delimiter
					 options: 0];
}

- (OFArray *)componentsSeparatedByString: (OFString *)delimiter
				 options: (int)options
{
	void *pool;
	OFMutableArray *array = [OFMutableArray array];
	const of_unichar_t *characters, *delimiterCharacters;
	bool skipEmpty = (options & OF_STRING_SKIP_EMPTY);
	size_t length = [self length];
	size_t delimiterLength = [delimiter length];
	size_t last;
	OFString *component;

	pool = objc_autoreleasePoolPush();

	characters = [self characters];
	delimiterCharacters = [delimiter characters];

	if (delimiterLength > length) {
		[array addObject: [[self copy] autorelease]];
		[array makeImmutable];

		objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);

		return array;
	}

	last = 0;
	for (size_t i = 0; i <= length - delimiterLength; i++) {
		if (memcmp(characters + i, delimiterCharacters,
		    delimiterLength * sizeof(of_unichar_t)) != 0)
			continue;

		component = [self substringWithRange: of_range(last, i - last)];
		if (!skipEmpty || [component length] > 0)
			[array addObject: component];

		i += delimiterLength - 1;
		last = i + 1;
	}
	component = [self substringWithRange: of_range(last, length - last)];
	if (!skipEmpty || [component length] > 0)
		[array addObject: component];

	[array makeImmutable];

	objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);

	return array;
}

- (OFString *)stringByStandardizingURLPath
{
	void *pool = objc_autoreleasePoolPush();
	OFArray OF_GENERIC(OFString *) *components =
	    [self componentsSeparatedByString: @"/"];
	OFMutableArray OF_GENERIC(OFString *) *array;
	OFString *ret;
	bool done = false, startsWithEmpty, endsWithEmpty;

	array = [[components mutableCopy] autorelease];

	if ((startsWithEmpty = [[array firstObject] isEqual: @""]))
		[array removeObjectAtIndex: 0];
	endsWithEmpty = [[array lastObject] isEqual: @""];

	while (!done) {
		size_t length = [array count];

		done = true;

		for (size_t i = 0; i < length; i++) {
			id object = [array objectAtIndex: i];
			id parent;

			if (i > 0)
				parent = [array objectAtIndex: i - 1];
			else
				parent = nil;

			if ([object isEqual: @"."] ||
			   [object length] == 0) {
				[array removeObjectAtIndex: i];

				done = false;
				break;
			}

			if ([object isEqual: @".."] &&
			    parent != nil &&
			    ![parent isEqual: @".."]) {
				[array removeObjectsInRange:
				    of_range(i - 1, 2)];

				done = false;
				break;
			}
		}
	}

	if (startsWithEmpty)
		[array insertObject: @""
			    atIndex: 0];
	if (endsWithEmpty)
		[array addObject: @""];

	ret = [[array componentsJoinedByString: @"/"] retain];

	objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);

	return [ret autorelease];
}

- (intmax_t)decimalValue
{
	void *pool = objc_autoreleasePoolPush();
	const of_unichar_t *characters = [self characters];
	size_t i = 0, length = [self length];
	intmax_t value = 0;
	bool expectWhitespace = false;

	while (length > 0 && of_ascii_isspace(*characters)) {
		characters++;
		length--;
	}

	if (length == 0) {
		objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);
		return 0;
	}

	if (characters[0] == '-' || characters[0] == '+')
		i++;

	for (; i < length; i++) {
		if (expectWhitespace) {
			if (of_ascii_isspace(characters[i]))
				continue;

			@throw [OFInvalidFormatException exception];
		}

		if (characters[i] >= '0' && characters[i] <= '9') {
			if (INTMAX_MAX / 10 < value ||
			    INTMAX_MAX - value * 10 < characters[i] - '0')
				@throw [OFOutOfRangeException exception];

			value = (value * 10) + (characters[i] - '0');
		} else if (of_ascii_isspace(characters[i]))
			expectWhitespace = true;
		else
			@throw [OFInvalidFormatException exception];
	}

	if (characters[0] == '-')
		value *= -1;

	objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);

	return value;
}

- (uintmax_t)hexadecimalValue
{
	void *pool = objc_autoreleasePoolPush();
	const of_unichar_t *characters = [self characters];
	size_t i = 0, length = [self length];
	uintmax_t value = 0;
	bool expectWhitespace = false, foundValue = false;

	while (length > 0 && of_ascii_isspace(*characters)) {
		characters++;
		length--;
	}

	if (length == 0) {
		objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);
		return 0;
	}

	if (length >= 2 && characters[0] == '0' && characters[1] == 'x')
		i = 2;
	else if (length >= 1 && (characters[0] == 'x' || characters[0] == '$'))
		i = 1;

	for (; i < length; i++) {
		uintmax_t newValue;

		if (expectWhitespace) {
			if (of_ascii_isspace(characters[i]))
				continue;

			@throw [OFInvalidFormatException exception];
		}

		if (characters[i] >= '0' && characters[i] <= '9') {
			newValue = (value << 4) | (characters[i] - '0');
			foundValue = true;
		} else if (characters[i] >= 'A' && characters[i] <= 'F') {
			newValue = (value << 4) | (characters[i] - 'A' + 10);
			foundValue = true;
		} else if (characters[i] >= 'a' && characters[i] <= 'f') {
			newValue = (value << 4) | (characters[i] - 'a' + 10);
			foundValue = true;
		} else if (characters[i] == 'h' ||
		    of_ascii_isspace(characters[i])) {
			expectWhitespace = true;
			continue;
		} else
			@throw [OFInvalidFormatException exception];

		if (newValue < value)
			@throw [OFOutOfRangeException exception];

		value = newValue;
	}

	if (!foundValue)
		@throw [OFInvalidFormatException exception];

	objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);

	return value;
}

- (uintmax_t)octalValue
{
	void *pool = objc_autoreleasePoolPush();
	const of_unichar_t *characters = [self characters];
	size_t i = 0, length = [self length];
	uintmax_t value = 0;
	bool expectWhitespace = false;

	while (length > 0 && of_ascii_isspace(*characters)) {
		characters++;
		length--;
	}

	if (length == 0) {
		objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);
		return 0;
	}

	for (; i < length; i++) {
		uintmax_t newValue;

		if (expectWhitespace) {
			if (of_ascii_isspace(characters[i]))
				continue;

			@throw [OFInvalidFormatException exception];
		}

		if (characters[i] >= '0' && characters[i] <= '7')
			newValue = (value << 3) | (characters[i] - '0');
		else if (of_ascii_isspace(characters[i])) {
			expectWhitespace = true;
			continue;
		} else
			@throw [OFInvalidFormatException exception];

		if (newValue < value)
			@throw [OFOutOfRangeException exception];

		value = newValue;
	}

	objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);

	return value;
}

- (float)floatValue
{
	void *pool = objc_autoreleasePoolPush();

#ifdef OF_MORPHOS
	OFString *stripped = [self stringByDeletingEnclosingWhitespaces];

	if ([stripped caseInsensitiveCompare: @"INF"] == OF_ORDERED_SAME ||
	    [stripped caseInsensitiveCompare: @"INFINITY"] == OF_ORDERED_SAME)
		return INFINITY;
	if ([stripped caseInsensitiveCompare: @"-INF"] == OF_ORDERED_SAME ||
	    [stripped caseInsensitiveCompare: @"-INFINITY"] == OF_ORDERED_SAME)
		return -INFINITY;
#endif

#ifdef HAVE_STRTOF_L
	const char *UTF8String = [self UTF8String];
#else
	/*
	 * If we have no strtof_l, we have no other choice but to replace "."
	 * with the locale's decimal point.
	 */
	OFString *decimalPoint = [OFLocalization decimalPoint];
	const char *UTF8String = [[self
	    stringByReplacingOccurrencesOfString: @"."
				      withString: decimalPoint] UTF8String];
#endif
	char *endPointer = NULL;
	float value;

	while (of_ascii_isspace(*UTF8String))
		UTF8String++;

#ifdef HAVE_STRTOF_L
	value = strtof_l(UTF8String, &endPointer, cLocale);
#else
	value = strtof(UTF8String, &endPointer);
#endif

	/* Check if there are any invalid chars left */
	if (endPointer != NULL)
		for (; *endPointer != '\0'; endPointer++)
			if (!of_ascii_isspace(*endPointer))
				@throw [OFInvalidFormatException exception];

	objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);

	return value;
}

- (double)doubleValue
{
	void *pool = objc_autoreleasePoolPush();

#ifdef OF_MORPHOS
	OFString *stripped = [self stringByDeletingEnclosingWhitespaces];

	if ([stripped caseInsensitiveCompare: @"INF"] == OF_ORDERED_SAME ||
	    [stripped caseInsensitiveCompare: @"INFINITY"] == OF_ORDERED_SAME)
		return INFINITY;
	if ([stripped caseInsensitiveCompare: @"-INF"] == OF_ORDERED_SAME ||
	    [stripped caseInsensitiveCompare: @"-INFINITY"] == OF_ORDERED_SAME)
		return -INFINITY;
#endif

#ifdef HAVE_STRTOD_L
	const char *UTF8String = [self UTF8String];
#else
	/*
	 * If we have no strtod_l, we have no other choice but to replace "."
	 * with the locale's decimal point.
	 */
	OFString *decimalPoint = [OFLocalization decimalPoint];
	const char *UTF8String = [[self
	    stringByReplacingOccurrencesOfString: @"."
				      withString: decimalPoint] UTF8String];
#endif
	char *endPointer = NULL;
	double value;

	while (of_ascii_isspace(*UTF8String))
		UTF8String++;

#ifdef HAVE_STRTOD_L
	value = strtod_l(UTF8String, &endPointer, cLocale);
#else
	value = strtod(UTF8String, &endPointer);
#endif

	/* Check if there are any invalid chars left */
	if (endPointer != NULL)
		for (; *endPointer != '\0'; endPointer++)
			if (!of_ascii_isspace(*endPointer))
				@throw [OFInvalidFormatException exception];

	objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);

	return value;
}

- (const of_unichar_t *)characters
{
	OFObject *object = [[[OFObject alloc] init] autorelease];
	size_t length = [self length];
	of_unichar_t *ret;

	ret = [object allocMemoryWithSize: sizeof(of_unichar_t)
				    count: length];
	[self getCharacters: ret
		    inRange: of_range(0, length)];

	return ret;
}

- (const of_char16_t *)UTF16String
{
	return [self UTF16StringWithByteOrder: OF_BYTE_ORDER_NATIVE];
}

- (const of_char16_t *)UTF16StringWithByteOrder: (of_byte_order_t)byteOrder
{
	OFObject *object = [[[OFObject alloc] init] autorelease];
	void *pool = objc_autoreleasePoolPush();
	const of_unichar_t *characters = [self characters];
	size_t length = [self length];
	of_char16_t *ret;
	size_t j;
	bool swap = (byteOrder != OF_BYTE_ORDER_NATIVE);

	/* Allocate memory for the worst case */
	ret = [object allocMemoryWithSize: sizeof(of_char16_t)
				    count: (length + 1) * 2];

	j = 0;
	for (size_t i = 0; i < length; i++) {
		of_unichar_t c = characters[i];

		if (c > 0x10FFFF)
			@throw [OFInvalidEncodingException exception];

		if (swap) {
			if (c > 0xFFFF) {
				c -= 0x10000;
				ret[j++] = OF_BSWAP16(0xD800 | (c >> 10));
				ret[j++] = OF_BSWAP16(0xDC00 | (c & 0x3FF));
			} else
				ret[j++] = OF_BSWAP16(c);
		} else {
			if (c > 0xFFFF) {
				c -= 0x10000;
				ret[j++] = 0xD800 | (c >> 10);
				ret[j++] = 0xDC00 | (c & 0x3FF);
			} else
				ret[j++] = c;
		}
	}
	ret[j] = 0;

	@try {
		ret = [object resizeMemory: ret
				      size: sizeof(of_char16_t)
				     count: j + 1];
	} @catch (OFOutOfMemoryException *e) {
		/* We don't care, as we only tried to make it smaller */
	}

	objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);

	return ret;
}

- (size_t)UTF16StringLength
{
	const of_unichar_t *characters = [self characters];
	size_t length, UTF16StringLength;

	length = UTF16StringLength = [self length];

	for (size_t i = 0; i < length; i++)
		if (characters[i] > 0xFFFF)
			UTF16StringLength++;

	return UTF16StringLength;
}

- (const of_char32_t *)UTF32String
{
	return [self UTF32StringWithByteOrder: OF_BYTE_ORDER_NATIVE];
}

- (const of_char32_t *)UTF32StringWithByteOrder: (of_byte_order_t)byteOrder
{
	OFObject *object = [[[OFObject alloc] init] autorelease];
	size_t length = [self length];
	of_char32_t *ret;

	ret = [object allocMemoryWithSize: sizeof(of_char32_t)
				    count: length + 1];
	[self getCharacters: ret
		    inRange: of_range(0, length)];
	ret[length] = 0;

	if (byteOrder != OF_BYTE_ORDER_NATIVE)
		for (size_t i = 0; i < length; i++)
			ret[i] = OF_BSWAP32(ret[i]);

	return ret;
}

- (OFData *)dataWithEncoding: (of_string_encoding_t)encoding
{
	void *pool = objc_autoreleasePoolPush();
	OFData *data =
	    [OFData dataWithItems: [self cStringWithEncoding: encoding]
			    count: [self cStringLengthWithEncoding: encoding]];

	[data retain];

	objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);

	return [data autorelease];
}

#ifdef OF_HAVE_UNICODE_TABLES
- (OFString *)decomposedStringWithCanonicalMapping
{
	return decomposedString(self, of_unicode_decomposition_table,
	    OF_UNICODE_DECOMPOSITION_TABLE_SIZE);
}

- (OFString *)decomposedStringWithCompatibilityMapping
{
	return decomposedString(self, of_unicode_decomposition_compat_table,
	    OF_UNICODE_DECOMPOSITION_COMPAT_TABLE_SIZE);
}
#endif

#ifdef OF_HAVE_FILES
- (void)writeToFile: (OFString *)path
{
	[self writeToFile: path
		 encoding: OF_STRING_ENCODING_UTF_8];
}

- (void)writeToFile: (OFString *)path
	   encoding: (of_string_encoding_t)encoding
{
	void *pool = objc_autoreleasePoolPush();
	OFFile *file;

	file = [OFFile fileWithPath: path
			       mode: @"w"];
	[file writeString: self
		 encoding: encoding];

	objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);
}
#endif

- (void)writeToURL: (OFURL *)URL
{
	[self writeToURL: URL
		encoding: OF_STRING_ENCODING_UTF_8];
}

- (void)writeToURL: (OFURL *)URL
	  encoding: (of_string_encoding_t)encoding
{
	void *pool = objc_autoreleasePoolPush();
	OFURLHandler *URLHandler;
	OFStream *stream;

	if ((URLHandler = [OFURLHandler handlerForURL: URL]) == nil)
		@throw [OFUnsupportedProtocolException exceptionWithURL: URL];

	stream = [URLHandler openItemAtURL: URL
				      mode: @"w"];
	[stream writeString: self
		   encoding: encoding];

	objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);
}

#ifdef OF_HAVE_BLOCKS
- (void)enumerateLinesUsingBlock: (of_string_line_enumeration_block_t)block
{
	void *pool = objc_autoreleasePoolPush();
	const of_unichar_t *characters = [self characters];
	size_t i, last = 0, length = [self length];
	bool stop = false, lastCarriageReturn = false;

	for (i = 0; i < length && !stop; i++) {
		if (lastCarriageReturn && characters[i] == '\n') {
			lastCarriageReturn = false;
			last++;

			continue;
		}

		if (characters[i] == '\n' || characters[i] == '\r') {
			void *pool2 = objc_autoreleasePoolPush();

			block([self substringWithRange:
			    of_range(last, i - last)], &stop);
			last = i + 1;

			objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool2);
		}

		lastCarriageReturn = (characters[i] == '\r');
	}

	if (!stop)
		block([self substringWithRange: of_range(last, i - last)],
		    &stop);

	objc_autoreleasePoolPop(pool);
}
#endif
@end